The Gulf of Papagayo is located in the waters of the country’s Pacific side, and the coast is part of the Guanacaste province. The gulf and its coastline are the focal point of a highly important tourist project and rapid development in Costa Rica.

There are several high-end hotel chains and real estate developments here, which have worked on development in the area, in order to make it attractive to tourists while remaining environmentally balanced.

This area is also home to an archaeological site, as the Casona national monument is located in the Santa Rosa National Park, in Santa Rosa. This park also protects large sections of the tropical forest, which is home to a wide variety of wildlife, including mammals such as jaguars, pumas, tapirs, deer, and peccaries. Curassows, magpies, toucans, and fishing eagles are examples of birds that live here, while Hawksbill Turtles, Leatherback Turtles, Green Turtles and Olive Ridley Turtles are reptiles that live here.

The park is part of a biological corridor that also includes Guanacaste National Park and Rincon de la Vieja National Park; together these three parks are comprised of 120,000 land hectares and 70,000 marine hectares.